Because cataracts occur naturally, they cannot be prevented by medications or dietary habits, but they can easily be treated through cataract surgery. The only way to correct your impaired vision due to cataracts is to remove the clouded lens and replace it with a new, artificial lens. Cataract procedure is quick and relatively pain-free. In most cases, the patient can return to normal activities in few of days after the procedure. Cataracts surgery is an outpatient patient surgery, allowing the patient to be back in their home the same day as their procedure.
Before the surgery, the doctor will prescribe eye drops to prevent infection. Only one eye will be treated at a time to give each eye time to adjust individually.
No surgery can be guaranteed, but cataract surgery is one of the safest and most successful operations performed today. More than 3 million cataracts procedures are performed each year. During the surgery, the doctor uses a topical anesthetic and makes sure that the patient is comfortable. Then he makes a tiny incision and an instrument the size of a tip of a pen is inserted. This instrument is used to break up the lens and remove the cataract. Finally, replacement lens called Intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted and the patient will gain the best vision possible.