Before the surgery, the doctor will discuss the different options of intraocular lenses (IOLs) that will be a good fit for your eyes. IOLs are chosen based on your eyes, your visual needs and lifestyle. There are three types of IOLs.
1. Monofocal Lens
This lens option is the most basic form of IOL. This particular lens is designed to provide clarity in your distance vision. However, if you have any pre-existing astigmatism you will most likely need to continue wearing glasses to correct for the astigmatism. It is also possible that you will need glasses for reading.
2. Astigmatism-Correcting Monofocal Lens (Toric)
This advanced lens is designed for individuals with significant cataracts and pre-existing astigmatism. The lens clears up the cloudiness in distance vision and also corrects the blur from astigmatism. With this lens, you may still need to wear glasses for reading and seeing close-up.
3. Multifocal Lens
This lens is designed to provide a full range of clean, sharp vision. A multifocal lens is designed with rings that each correct specific distances. Nearsightedness and farsightedness can both be corrected with this type of Lens.
Bladeless cataract surgery using LenSx Laser
Another option in performing cataract surgery is using advanced laser technology called LenSx Laser. Using the technology of a laser, the manual incision created by the surgeon is actually created by the laser. The laser also uses advanced technology that requires less energy in breaking up the old lens and removing it. Having the choice of bladeless technology creates increased accuracy and a quicker recovery period. The surgeon still manually performs areas of the surgery, but is assisted by laser technology to ensure precision and accuracy.
After the cataract surgery, your brain will have to learn how to work with the new artificial lens. It might take a few weeks or even several months for your vision to be optimal. You need to have complete eye exam by your doctor every year to make sure your eyes stay healthy.
Once a cataract has been removed, it cannot return. However, some patients overtime may notice that their vision has once again become cloudy. This condition is known as secondary cataract and it can be treated by a laser in your doctor’s office.